Updated: Aug 8, 2020
We are listening about National education policy from last recent days, the Union Cabinet has endorsed the new National Education Policy (NEP), 2020 intending to present several changes in the Indian education system to increase more practical knowledge in students and making it more advance to cop up with the current scenario.
Some Key Points
Special attention has been given to issues like access, equality, quality, affordable education, and accountability of education in the National Education Policy-2020.
Former (ISRO) Chief Dr. K. K. A committee was formed under the chairmanship of Kasturirangan, this committee presented the 'National Education Policy Draft' in May 2019.
National Education Policy (NEP), 2020 will be the third education policy of independent India after the year 1968 and 1986.
Under the NEP-2020, the education sector has been targeted to invest equal to 6% of the country's GDP in collaboration with the central and state governments.
Emphasis has been given to promote the use of technology for technical education, removing linguistic constraints, facilitating education for differently-abled students, etc.
This education policy emphasizes encouraging students' creative thinking, reasoning, and innovation.
The new education policy seeks to divide the educational curriculum based on the 5 + 3 + 3 + 4 system in place of the currently active 10 + 2 educational model.
5 + 3 + 3 + 4 Formula
Under the 5 + 3 + 3 + 4 formula from Nursery to 12th standard, the new education policy is divided into four phases. The first phase for 5 years is for children between 3 and 8 years of age, it is called the Foundation Stage. The second phase is for children aged 8 to 11 from class 3 to 5, it has been called the Preparatory Stage. The third stage is for 11 to 14-year-old children from class 6 to 8, it is called the Middle Stage. The fourth and final phase is for 14 to 18-year-old children from class 9 to 12, it has been called Secondary Stage.
The division of educational curriculum into two groups for children between the ages of 3 and 8 years
Ensure availability of free, safe, and quality 'Early Childhood Care and Education' (ECCE) for children from 3 years to 6 years of age through Anganwadi / Kindergarten / Pre-School.
Children from 6 years to 8 years of age will be imparted education in primary schools in classes I and II.
Priority will be given to making elementary education multilevel sports and activity based.
The schemes related to ECCE will be formulated and implemented in collaboration with Union Ministry of Human Resource Development, Ministry of Women and Child Development, Ministry of Health and Family Welfare and Ministry of Tribal Affairs.
'A National Mission on Basic Literacy and Numerical Knowledge'
The NEP calls for the establishment of a National Mission on Basic Literacy and Numeracy by the MHRD.
The state governments will prepare a plan to implement this mission to achieve basic literacy and numerical knowledge among all children up to class-3 in primary schools by the year 2025.
Promoting and preserving linguistic diversity
NEP-2020 emphasizes the adoption of mother tongue / local or regional language as a medium of teaching in education up to class-5, as well as the policy to prioritize mother tongue for Class-8 and further education, has been suggested.
Students in school and higher education will have the option of Sanskrit and other ancient Indian languages, but no student will have any obligation to choose the language.
Course material will be developed at the national and state level, for deaf students and Indian Sign Language (ISL) will be standardized across the country.
An 'Indian Institute of Translation and Interpretation - IITI, 'National Institute for Persian, Pali and Prakrit for the Protection and Development of Indian Languages under the NEP-2020 to strengthening the language department in higher educational institutions and promoting mother tongue / vernacular form through teaching in higher educational institutions.
Syllabus and Assessment
The NEP-2020 emphasizes the development of a curriculum and teaching system/method under which special attention is given to encourage 21st-century skills development, experience-based learning, and logical thinking in students while reducing the burden of the syllabus.
According to the proposed reforms in this policy, there will not be much difference between arts and sciences, vocational and academic subjects and curriculum and extra-curricular activities.
Vocational education will be included in the academic syllabus from class-6, and an internship will also be provided in it.
The 'National Curriculum Framework for School Education (NCFSE, 2020-21) will be prepared by the National Council of Educational Research and Training- NCERT.
The NEP-2020 suggests adopting a regular and formative assessment system to inform students for better learning progress. Also, it has been suggested to give priority to analysis and assessment of logical ability and theoretical clarity.
Students will participate in school exams at the level of class-3, 5, and 8 which will be conducted by the appropriate authority.
Changes will be made in class-10 and class-12 examinations keeping in mind the goal of the overall development of students. This may include improvements in the semester or multiple-choice questions etc in the future.
A new 'National Assessment Center' named 'PARAKH' will be established as a standards-defining body for evaluating the progress of students.
Use of Artificial Intelligence-AI software to evaluate the progress of the students and help the students to take decisions related to their future.
Improvements related to teaching system
The promotion will be based on effective and transparent procedures in the appointment of teachers, and performance assessment will be taken from time to time.
National Council for Teacher Education 'National Professional Standards for Teachers- NPST' will be developed by the year 2022.
The National Curriculum Framework for Teacher Education (NCFTE 2021) will be developed by the National Council for Teacher Education based on consultation with NCERT.
Four years of integrated B.Ed degree will be made mandatory for Minimum degree qualification for teaching by the year 2030.
Higher Level Education
Under the NEP-2020, it has been targeted to increase the 'Gross Enrolment Ratio' in higher educational institutions from 26.3% (2018) to 50%, by adding up 3.5 crore seats in higher educational institutions in the country.
Under the NEP-2020, the undergraduate curriculum has been significantly improved, under which students in the 3 or 4-year undergraduate program will be able to skip the course at many levels and will be awarded degrees or certificates corresponding to that (i.e Certificate after 1 Year, Graduation with Advance Diploma after 2 years, Bachelor degree after 3 years and Graduation with research after 4 years).
An 'Academic Bank of Credit' will be given to digitally secure the marks or credits received from various higher educational institutions, thereby awarding them a degree based on the performance of students in different institutions.
The M.Phil program has been abolished under the new education policy.
Higher education commission of India
The Higher Education Commission of India (HECI) will be set up as a single body for the entire higher education sector except for medical and legal education.
Four institutions/bodies have been earmarked for effective and demonstrative execution of the functions of HECI.
For regulation - National Higher Education Regulatory Council- NHERC
Standard Determination - General Education Council- GEC
Funding - Higher Education Grants Council-HEGC
Accreditation - National Accreditation Council- NAC
The affiliation of colleges will end in 15 years and a phased system will be established to give them gradual autonomy.
'Multidisciplinary Education and Research Universities- MERU' will be established in the country at par with global standards of IITs and IIMs.
An autonomous body called 'National Educational Technology Forum' NETF will be set up for the independent exchange of ideas on education, evaluation, formulation of plans, and use of technology in the administrative field.
Download PDF file of National Education Policy (In English)
Download PDF file of National Education Policy (In Hindi)